HTML LINKS

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HTML LINKS

Post by Admin on Sun Aug 30, 2015 10:28 pm

Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.


HTML Links - Hyperlinks

HTML links are hyperlinks.
A hyperlink is an element, a text, or an image that you can click on, and jump to another document.


HTML Links - Syntax

In HTML, links are defined with the <a> tag:

Link Syntax:

<a href="url">link text</a>




Example:

Code:
<a href="http://www.droid.1talk.net/">Visit our HTML tutorial</a>


The href attribute specifies the destination address (http://www.droid.1talk.net)
The link text is the visible part (Visit our HTML tutorial).
Clicking on the link text, will send you to the specified address.




Local Links

The example above used an absolute URL (A full web address).
A local link (link to the same web site) is specified with a relative URL (without http://www....).

Example:

Code:
<a href="html_images.asp">HTML Images</a>




HTML Links - Colors and Icons

When you move the mouse cursor over a link, two things will normally happen:

  • The mouse arrow will turn into a little hand

  • The color of the link element will change


By default, links will appear as this in all browsers:

  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue

  • A visited link is underlined and purple

  • An active link is underlined and red


You can change the defaults, using styles:

Example



Code:
<style>
a:link    {color:#000000; background-color:transparent; text-decoration:none}
a:visited {color:#000000; background-color:transparent; text-decoration:none}
a:hover   {color:#ff0000; background-color:transparent; text-decoration:underline}
a:active  {color:#ff0000; background-color:transparent; text-decoration:underline}
</style>




HTML Links - The target Attribute

The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.
This example will open the linked document in a new browser window or in a new tab:

Example



Code:
<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/" target="_blank">Visit W3Schools!</a>



[th]Target Value[/th][th]Description[/th]
_blank
Opens the linked document in a new window or tab
_self
Opens the linked document in the same frame as it was clicked (this is default)
_parent
Opens the linked document in the parent frame
_top
Opens the linked document in the full body of the window
framename
Opens the linked document in a named frame
If your webpage is locked in a frame, you can use target="_top" to break out of the frame:

Example



Code:
<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/" target="_top">HTML5 tutorial!</a>




HTML Links - Image as Link

It is common to use images as links:

Example



Code:
<a href="default.asp">
  <img src="smiley.gif" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;border:0">
</a>




HTML Links - The id Attribute

The id attribute can be used to create bookmarks inside HTML documents.
Bookmarks are not displayed in any special way. They are invisible to the reader.


Example

Add an id attribute to any <a> element:


Code:
<a id="tips">Useful Tips Section</a>
Then create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section): <a href="#tips">Visit the Useful Tips Section</a> Or, create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section) from another page: <a href="http://www.droid.1talk.net/forum#tips">Visit the Useful Tips Section</a>




Chapter Summary


  • Use the HTML <a> element to define a link

  • Use the HTML href attribute to define the link address

  • Use the HTML target attribute to define where to open the linked document

  • Use the HTML <img> element (inside <a>) to use an image as a link

  • Use the HTML id attribute (id=value) to define bookmarks in a page

  • Use the HTML href attribute (href="#value") to address the bookmark

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