What is html?

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What is html?

Post by Admin on Thu Jul 23, 2015 2:32 am

Hello guys, i think this is the starting point of it all if you want to be a web master. so i suggest that you take your time to understand each steps accurately.

What is HTML?

HTML is a markup language for describing web documents (web pages).

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
A markup language is a set of markup tags
HTML documents are described by HTML tags
Each HTML tag describes different document content
HTML Example

A small HTML document:


Code:
<!DOCTYPE html>


<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>
</body>
</html>



Try it Yourself ยป
Example Explained

The DOCTYPE declaration defines the document type to be HTML
The text between and describes an HTML document
The text between and provides information about the document
The text between and provides a title for the document
The text between and describes the visible page content
The text between

and

describes a heading
The text between

and

describes paragraph
Using this description, a web browser can display a document with a heading and a paragraph.

HTML Tags

HTML tags are keywords (tag names) surrounded by angle brackets:

content
HTML tags normally come in pairs like

and


The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
The end tag is written like the start tag, but with a slash before the tag name
Note The start tag is often called the opening tag. The end tag is often called the closing tag.
Web Browsers

The purpose of a web browser (Chrome, IE, Firefox, Safari) is to read HTML documents and display them.

The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to display the document:

Browser

HTML Page Structure

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure:


Code:
<html>


<head>


<title>Page title</title>


</head>


<body>


<h1>This is a heading</h1>


<p>This is a paragraph.</p>


<p>This is another paragraph.</p>


</body>


</html>



Note Only the area (the white area) is displayed by the browser.
The Declaration

The declaration helps the browser to display a web page correctly.

There are different document types on the web.

To display a document correctly, the browser must know both type and version.

The doctype declaration is not case sensitive. All cases are acceptable:








Common Declarations




Since the early days of the web, there have been many versions of HTML:

Version Year
HTML 1991
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999
XHTML 2000
HTML5 2012
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